family history

Frances Mary BROADHURST and Frank Arthur CROSSLEY

Frances M. BROADHURST was born in 1877 in Wilmslow, Cheshire, England. She is first of eleven siblings born to Richard BROADHURST and Sarah Ann JONES. Frances M. married Frank A. CROSSLEY in 1897 at St. Johns at Baxenden, Lancashire. Frank and Fanny had one child:

  1. Elizabeth (b abt 1899, Haslingden, Lancashire)

1881 England Census. Four year old Frances, “Fanny” lived at 68 Manor Road in Altrincham, Lancashire. Her father Richard BROADHURST (26) is a working as a bricklayer’s laborer. Also in the household are her mother, Sarah Ann JONES (22), her two year old sisters, Jane Ann and her grandparents, John (69) and Frances BROADHURST (70). John is now a retired farmer.

1891 England Census. The family has moved to 2 Spadescroft, Crompton, Lancashire, where Fanny’s father, Richard has returned to work on a farm as a farm laborer. Crompton was a cotton mill town and Fannie and Annie, 14 and 12, worked in a mill. Fanny is a “little tester” and Annie is as something that looks like, “harvest duffer.” During the ten years since the last census polling, 6 siblings have been added to the family; Sarah, John Richard, Gertrude, Mary, Peter Ernest and Nellie. Frances’ grandmother and grandfather had by this time passed away.

1901 England Census. Fanny (25) is now Mrs. Frank CROSSLEY living in Haslingden, Lancashire at 2 Pilling Street. Her husband, Frank (27) is a “bobbin carrier for (unintelligible)” and Fanny is a “card room hand” both in a cotton mill. They have a daughter, Elizabeth (2) who was born in Haslingden. Fanny’s younger sister, Sarah (now Mrs. John James WOODWARD) lived just around the corner at 465 Blackburn Road. The ecclesiastical parish is St John Stone fold.

Bicycle Accident – 1910. On 18 June 1910, Fanny’s retired grandfather, Richard BROADHURST, was injured in a bicycle accident in Haslingden. He died as a result of the accident on July 19th.

To America – 1907. The 1910 US Census indicates that Frank CROSSLEY first came to America in 1907. There is an arrival record into Canada in February 1907 that lists a married Frank CROSSLEY (31) and Violet CROSSLEY (11), perhaps was really Violet BROADHURST as other records show this family to be close and to travel together. The ship was the Empress of Ireland which arrived into New Brunswick, Canada on 16 February 1907 in from Liverpool. John J WOODWARD is also aboard; he is the husband of Sarah BROADHURST. I don’t find her listing on board.

1910 US Census. At the time of the census, Frank CROSSLEY (36), Frances M CROSSLEY nee Broadhurst (33) and Elizabeth CROSSLEY (10) lived in Lowell, MA at 18 Second Street. Also in the household were Frances’ younger sister Gertrude ADAMS (24) and her infant daughter Jessie as well as two boarders, James E Hughes (20) and Boyd MUNSY (24). In 1917, James E. Hughes marries Violet BROADHURST. Frank, Gertrude and James all work in the cotton mill as “loom liner”, velvet coater” and “tooler”, respectively.

To America – 1911. Frances M CROSSLEY (35) and her nine year old daughter Elizabeth head to America on the S.S. Adriatic. With them is Fanny’s younger sister, Violet BROADHURST (14). They leave from Liverpool on 26 August 1911 and arrive in New York on September 3rd. They are headed to her husband’s residence at 18 Second St in Lowell, MA. Next of kin in England is listed as her brother John Broadhurst at 17 (unintelligible) Street, Newton Heath.

1920 US Census. The family now rent a residence at 154 Sixth Street in Lowell, MA. Frances and Frank both continue working in a cotton mill, she is a “spinner” and he is a “velvet tooler.” Elizabeth (19) is not employed. They have a boarder, Daniel F Murray (34), a machinist in a machine shop.

1930 US Census. Frank and Frances now owned their own home at 68 Humphrey Street in Lowell, MA valued at $3000 ($36,668 in 2009 dollars). Frances no longer worked and Frank was now a machinist in the cotton mill. Elizabeth (26) is married to Carl W. CASTELLO (26). He is a dry goods store salesman and she is the dry goods store bookkeeper. While her age is reported as 26 Elizabeth might actually be five years older.

The deaths of Frances M and Frank Arthur. Frank CROSSLEY died at home in the Humphrey Street house on Saturday, 17 May 1933, he was 58. He was survived by his wife, Francis and his daughter, now referred to as Miss Elizabeth CROSSLEY. Presumably the marriage in the 1930 census had ended.

The death details of Frances M. Broadhurst CROSSLEY are unknown at this time. She may have died prior to September 1962 as she is not mentioned as a surviving sister in the obituary for John Richard BROADHURST.

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